Persian Writing – Useful Drills 13

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As you know, practice makes perfect! These useful drills present even more new words for you to add to this week’s lesson. This will not only build your Persian vocabulary, but also help you learn to read and write Farsi more quickly and confidently.

Look at these new words:

Table = /mi:z/.

Meez

Glass = /liva:n/.

Livan

Book = /keta:b/.

Ketab

Note 1: Please try the following verbs with all subjective pronouns first. Then, go to note 2 for further works!

To clean = /tæmi:z kærdæn/.

Tamiz kardan

First change it into /tæmi:z kærd/. Then, pronounce it with subjective pronouns:

1- I cleaned = /mæn tæmi:z kærdæm/.

Man tamiz kardam

2- You cleaned = /to tæmi:z kærdi/.

To tamiz kardi

Now continue!

To wash = /shostæn/.

Shostan

Change it into /shost/.

1- I washed = /mæn shostæm/.

Man shostam

2- You washed = /to shosti/.

To shosti

Now continue!

To open = /ba:z kærdæn/.

Baz kardan

Change it into /ba:z kærd/.

1- I opened = /mæn ba:z kærdæm/.

Man baz kardam

2- You opened = /to ba:z kærdi/.

To baz kardi

Now continue!

Note 2: Now combine each sentence with the new words above. Example:

I cleaned the table = /mæn mi:z ra: tæmi:z kærdæm/.

Man miz ra tamiz kardam

All right. Now it’s your turn to continue.

Note: You may go to Persian samples pages to see if you can find any verbs in simple past tense. Do not pronounce the verbs that we have not studied yet. Just try to find the familiar ones.

Lesson 13

Comments

  1. what is “ra” in “man meez ra tamiz kardam” ?

    • Ra is a word that is placed after another word to signify that it is an object. Meez is table and by placing ra after it, you are stating that the table is an object. Hope this helps!

  2. understand! another question. Meez is an object ¿but why do i have to put ‘ra’ if everyone knows that is an object?

    • patriana says:

      that is the role

    • In every day language it is sometimes left out, but if you don’t put it in the sentence becomes a little ambiguous. Persian isn’t the only language that has object markers. Japanese and Korean also have them. But in German it’s the article that changes in accusative and dative.

      • Madeline says:

        Ra is the direct obeject marker but is only used if the noun is definite. “Miz ra tamiz kardam” means I cleaned the table. “Yek miz didam” means I see a table. (Yek is a or one).

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