Persian Lesson 29 – Make Sentence in Present Perfect Tense

Salam! Khosh amadid!

Hello everyone, how are you?

Last week, we learned some about Present Perfect Tense. Today, we are going to practice it more to become more fluent.

As always, here’s the quiz:

1- Say these words in Persian:

Purple – blue – knife – bird – curtain – sky blue – bright – bright color – brown

2- Say these numbers in Persian:

7 – 77 – 777 – 7777 – 77777- 777777 – 7777777 –

3- Say these sentences in Persian:

A – I had two brown coats last year.
B – Mr. Farshid didn’t take your new car last week.
C – I saw a tall man in the street yesterday.
D – Mrs. Irani sold her white car several years ago.
E – Miss Helen turned on your computer this afternoon.

All right, now let’s start.

We already know how to make a verb in present perfect tense. Remember? Good! Let’s see some more examples today.

To turn off = /kha:mu:sh kærdæn/. Delete /nu:n/, and we’ll have /kha:mu:sh kærd/. Add /he/ to this verb to get /kha:mu:sh kærdeh/. Then say it in the following sentences:

I have turned off = /mæn kha:mu:sh kærdeh æm/.

You have turned off = /to kha:mu:sh kærdeh i:/.

He/she has turned off = /u: kha:mu:sh kærdeh æst/.

We have turned off = /ma: kha:mu:sh kærdeh im/.

You have turned off = /shoma: kha:mu:sh kærdeh id/.

They have turned off = /a:nha: kha:mu:sh kærdeh ænd/.

To break = /shekæstæn/.

I have broken = /mæn shekæsteh æm/.

You have broken = /to shekæsteh i:/.

He/she has broken = /u: shekæsteh æst/.

We have broken = /ma: shekæsteh im/.

You have broken = /shoma: shekæsteh id/.

They have broken = /a:nha: shekæsteh ænd/.

To fix/repair = /tæmir kærdæn/.

I have fixed = /mæn tæmir kærdeh æm/.

You have fixed = /to tæmir kærdeh i:/.

He/she has fixed = /u: tæmir kærdeh æst/.

We have fixed = /ma: tæmir kærdeh im/.

You have fixed = /shoma: tæmir kærdeh id/.

They have fixed = /a:nha: tæmir kærdeh ænd/.

Note: as I have already mentioned, in the case of longer sentences, we have to use the same rule for all tenses: subject + object + time + place + verb

Example:

I have broken that window = (in Persian sentence) subject + object + verb = /mæn a:n pænjereh ra: shekæsteh æm/.

Now, you continue:

You have broken that window =
He has broken that window =
We have broken that window =
You have broken that window =
They have broken that window =

All right, with this we come to the end of lesson 29. I hope you enjoyed it.

Please go to Useful drills page to try more.

Let’s write page is waiting for you if you want to see the main stress of the new words.

See you next week!

Khoda Hafez!

Lesson 29