Hello everyone, welcome back!
Let me start by wishing a wonderful Christmas followed by a very prosperous new year to all of you.
Merry Christmas and Happy New Year!
Now, let’s begin.
As you know, we have successfully completed part one that was learning the letters. Today, we are going to take a very short review from what we have already studied to make sure that everything has been clear.
So far we have learned that there are 32 letters upon which the Persian language is built. We also learned that to pronounce the letters, we needed to put some vowels on or under the letters. And you remember that we have six vowels: three long and three short vowels. Then we learned that sometimes we have to put an emphasis on some letters, which is called Tashdid. And sometimes, it happens very often, we stop or pause on some letters and this is called Sokoon.
As you remember, we have many letters that when pronounced with the help of vowels, have the same pronunciations. As I have told you before, you don’t need to worry about it at all. Once more, let’s see the letters that have the same pronunciations . They are as follows:All Alef All Ta All Se All He All Zaal All Ghain
During this time, we have learned how to write all these letters. I invite you once more to practice writing if you haven’t tried it so far. It has some great advantages. One of them is that writing will help you learn things better. The other one, more important one, is that you’ll have to use it during our next lessons.
All right. Although I have already mentioned that this lesson is about what we have already studied, we are going to learn some new words today if you have no objections!
Let’s simply start by learning the subjective pronouns today. Hopefully you know them in English. These are the subjective pronouns: I, you, he, she, it—— we, you, they. Is it correct? Wonderful! Now, let’s see their equivalents in Persian.
Note: We have learned that letters when combined with , which is supposed to be long /u:/, should be pronounced as /u:/ like what you see here: /bu:/. But sometimes, there can be found some words in which that special letter will be pronounced as short /o/ instead of the normal /u:/. One of them is what you see below for the singular you.
1- I = /mæn/ as man in English.man_10.mp3
2- You = /to/ as in torture. And this is one of them I just talked about. It is not pronounced as /tu:/.Toe
3- He and She = /u:/ as in moon.Oo
Note: He and She have the same equivalent in Persian. So, if you simply say , the people will not know that it’s a man or a woman whom you are talking about.
4- It = /a:n/ as in answer in British English not American English.Aan Maa Shoma Anha Ishan
Note: As you see, ‘They’ has two equivalents in Persian.
All right. With this, we come to the end of lesson 10. I hope it hasn’t been difficult.
Don’t forget to check the Let’s write and Useful drills pages now.
Feel tired? Hit me
June 30, 2012 @ 12:59 pm
why are there two “you”? To and shoma?
July 1, 2012 @ 12:43 pm
To show respect we use “شما” instead of “تو” It is explained in later lessons.
July 16, 2012 @ 12:17 am
July 16, 2012 @ 1:21 am
تو tou can be used for singular “you” and شما shuma can be used for plural “you ” or can be used for respect as well
July 2, 2014 @ 10:34 pm
Shoma is used if there is a group of people or for respect and is used frequently in writing. Tu is what my dad calls “street talk” and is used when speaking, not writing. Tu can sometimes be rude, especially to elders, so shoma is the word I suggest u use more often.
July 21, 2012 @ 2:10 pm
i am a beginner in farsi language,i got all the alphabets well..but i am failing in words formation in farsi writting.please hel`p
July 24, 2012 @ 3:43 pm
Why are there two ‘they’ pronouns? If they are not gender specific, are they used in different contexts?
August 19, 2012 @ 10:41 pm
While I am pleased with the effort put into this site and it is helpful to me, he could stand to improve his teaching style by being more thorough.
October 31, 2012 @ 4:03 am
If you are so concerned about his teaching style then go find you Rosetta Stone and spend the bucks and stop complaining. Be appreciative of all this work Hassan has put into this website. This site is amazing and his work is very clear and easy to follow. People like you who have nothing better to do but to complain just make me sick……………GREAT WORK Hassan!!! Me and my son are learning so much from your efforts. Thank you!!!!!!!!!! :-)
June 18, 2015 @ 9:58 pm
I have Rosetta Stone and Pimsleur. Pimsleur gives a more conversational approach. Rosetta Stone makes sure that you pronounce it correctly. Hassan’s website informs me of how the sentences are placed together. With Rosetta Stone, I was not always sure about what I was saying exactly. The man is eating or the man has food, etc. This website gives sentence structure, which is what I was looking for. Since the verb often comes at the end of a sentence, I almost feel like Yoda. Kataab injawst – Book here is. Rosetta Stone would be Kataab injaw ast, without the contraction that Pimsleur uses. Once again, this is a well done website. It complements what I already have.
September 13, 2012 @ 3:34 pm
Hassan, Anha= they, and which one is the second they? Aswell, can you use “va” for and?
September 13, 2012 @ 9:49 pm
Nevermind my comment above, I realized my mistake haha
November 5, 2012 @ 9:36 pm
Thank you for your great and amazing work! I have started to learn Persian just few weeks ago! You did a really good job, even for someone that speak french like me, it’s wonderfull. It’s a pleasure to share it with my iranian love, she’s really proud of me, thanks to you ;-). Love makes us really stronger :-D
December 24, 2012 @ 8:54 am
This website is fantastic! it is simple, straightforward, and is designed in an amazing progressive style. People say learning farsi is hard, but u make it quite easy. Thank you for all your hard work in creating this internet treasure.
February 2, 2013 @ 9:56 pm
This is not an easy language and I think you have done a great job Hassan. Thank you so much for all the time and effort and assistance to all of us. Thank you very much!
February 8, 2013 @ 2:17 pm
February 8, 2013 @ 2:18 pm
Persian is a beautiful lenguage i love it.
February 15, 2013 @ 4:46 am
Dear Hassan, for me and daughter this website is perfect. Please keep up the good work. You have done an excellent job. God bless you my dear.
February 21, 2013 @ 5:07 am
Hassan, thank you so much for this site. It’s definitely been pivotal in my study of this amazing language. Salaam.
March 12, 2013 @ 6:20 am
i had a question about pronunciation of you is it tu with a ﺕ like in Urdu language or toe in english with emphasis on /ʈ/
March 16, 2013 @ 9:30 pm
I am going in the army after college and I am going to be a linguist so I need to learn how to speak Farsi and Dari and this really helps thank you, we get taught all about the country and language for two years though but this is helpful.
March 17, 2013 @ 3:54 pm
very good site, please don’t delete it and go on with it! Well explained, not too much at once, short motivating lessons. Much better than many books!!
April 17, 2013 @ 4:23 am
very good effort by you.like these lessons .visited this site today and started from very first lesson :) hope within 6-7 months i will be able to speak persian .very best regards
Sayyadah Mariam Fatemah
May 2, 2013 @ 12:37 pm
i learnt and understood farsi better here then when i was in Qom…. only problem is construction sentences one word 4-7 sentences which is very hard….. where and when is ISHAN used? mamnoon… KATIE FARSI AND DARI ARE SIMILAR LIKE HINDI AND URDU OF INDIA AND PAKISTAN… PLEASE CAN YOU POST SOME OR ALOT OF ISLAMIC HADITHS IN FARSI PLEASE…….
Sayyadah Mariam Fatemah
May 2, 2013 @ 12:39 pm
PRACTISE SPEAKING WITH SOME ONE ON THE NET OR FONE LIVE FARSI CONVERSATION IT MAY HELP… WRITE THE WORDS IN FARSI 5 TO 10 TIMES IN YOUR BOOK TO REMEMBER….
April 5, 2014 @ 2:30 am
I just have one question: Why don’t those words show the vowels (o/short a/ e) I mean, for example, “you” is shoma, but it doesn’t show the o in there?
July 20, 2015 @ 8:33 am
Hi. We don’t write short vowels in persian. We just pronounce them.
March 27, 2016 @ 8:27 am
As we know, there are 3 short vowels in persian. If we donnot write short vowels in persian, then how do we know the letter pronounce /æ/, /e/or /o/?
January 16, 2015 @ 8:51 am
Hassan, once more, all my congratulations for your website and advice. I have one comment to improve this lesson. As it is the very first lesson where we see full words in farsi and not only letters, could you explain how we could guess the vowel in the words when they are not written ? I guess you will answer to this question later on, I can of course wait and I will learn the pronouns by heart meanwhile. It is actually the same question as Karen Wang. Thanks again for your incredible support !
July 20, 2015 @ 8:39 am
Hi. As I know there’s no way we can guess the short vowels. The only way is learning the words and listening to them so we can automatically distinguish the vowels.
March 27, 2016 @ 8:35 am
So, we just learn the words and remember them. We will know how to distingguish short wowels automaticaolly. Fine.
February 16, 2016 @ 6:48 am
February 19, 2016 @ 4:46 pm
I want to say, “Thank you”, for your educational website. I am up to about Lesson 12 now, and I plan to continue.
There are so many good things about this site. Before settling on this one, I looked at a number of others. Your site combines a gentle approach, sharing with the student just enough to make progress, with an almost rigorous presentation of the pronunciation. The transliterations are precise and consistent. By reading the transliteration side-by-side with the arabic version of the words, I have been able to learn the how the arabic letters are used, and it is actually fun to sound out the words from the arabic.
I look forward to studying later lessons.
Thank you again. Great site!
March 13, 2016 @ 5:41 am
I am beginner. Please help me, if I need. From Pakistan.
June 22, 2016 @ 8:59 am
Im Iranian if you have a problem to learn persian I can help you
This is my telegram id. @C_ena