Persian Lesson 4 – Letters /khe/ to /ze/


Welcome back!

So far, we have learned eight letters as far as the alphabet is concerned. Do you remember the letters? Excellent! Now, pronounce them again before we proceed.

If you still need to listen to their pronunciations, click here.

Alef to He

Remember that a building will remain strong if it has got a strong foundation. The more you try to learn these basics, the more fluent you will be with the rest of the lessons. Don’t be so hasty to learn complete words and sentences at this stage. You will find yourself fluent very soon.

Today, we are going to learn some more letters. Ready? Let’s begin.

9- this letter has no English equivalent. Do you know the pronunciation of ‘J’ in Spanish words like Juan Gonzales? Perfect! So, this letter is called /khe/. /kh/ as /j/ in Spanish Juan, and /e/ as e in set. Need help? Click here.


Like other letters, when combined with the vowels, it may be pronounced as .

Click here to listen.

All Khe

10- , this is called /da:l/.


This letter has only one form. When combined, it may be pronounced as . Need help? Click here.

All /da:l/

11- , this is called /za:l/.


This letter has only one form. When combined, it may be pronounced as . Click here to listen.

All /za:l/

12- , this is called /re/ as in rent. This letter has only one form. When combined, it may be pronounced as . Need help? Here.


13- , this is called / ze/. /z/ as in zebra and /e/ as in set. This letter has only one form too. When combined, it may be pronounced as .

All Zaal

Note: as you have noticed, these two letters, and , when combined with vowels, have the same pronunciation. That is to say, these two letters have the same pronunciation but different functions. For some words we must use while for others we have to use instead. For the time being, you don’t need to worry about these issues at all. Currently, all you have to do is learn the letters as you are being told. That’s all.

All right. Click here if you still need to listen to the names of the today’s letters, that is from number 9 to number 13.

Khe to Ze

Ok. That’s it for today. Don’t forget to check the Let’s write and Useful drills pages now.

Feel tired? Hit me!

Lesson 4


  1. Thank you so much! This is amazingly helpful, and I love the way that you broke it up into manageable pieces!

  2. I love the letter /Khe/ it makes me laugh every time i try to pronounce it. thank you so much.. i can’t wait to finally be able to learn and speak the language. You are a jewel..

  3. Jamil Ahmed says:

    please tell me how can i download the lessons?????
    thank you very much to creat the website.
    my name is jamil ahmed
    contect me please ….

  4. im finding this site great to learn from but I noticed an error on zaal its suppose to be ze.

  5. Salam!

    I assume most of you are trying to learn enough farsi to speak with friends or family that you’ve been trying to communicate with for a long time but the ‘language barrier’ (the dreaded barrier) gets in the way. I understand how that feels. I used to feel like that with farsi when I was younger. However, after having lived in Iran for a couple years and visiting it on several occasions(In fact I just got back a week ago from a one month visit), as well as growing up speaking it with my family, I can now communicate with friends and family in Farsi fluently. If anyone wants to speak the language, and understand the Iranian culture so you can talk and connect with those you care about, it’s a lot easier then you think. Fortunately farsi is one of those languages where most of the meaning is expressed directly rather then subtly, such as English.I also believe it’s much easier to learn then English. Therefore it’s very simple picking up the language. And there’s not an endless amount of words to learn. One must understand that 80% of conversations use only 20% of the vocabulary. Therefore, you only need to learn 20% of the words to speak and understand 80% of conversation! The ’80/20′ rule holds true in almost every language. In fact, I don’t even know how to read and write in Farsi anymore, yet I can still speak it fluently and communicate with those I care about. So if your interested in learning how to connect with us Iranians, whether it’s friends, family, coworkers or because you want to visit Iran one day and see it’s breathtaking scenery, amazing culture and extremely hospitable people, then I can help you learn farsi! Contact me at Best of luck!

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