Persian Lesson 8 – Letters /la:m/ to /va:v/


Hello everyone, welcome back!

Before we start, I would like to express my deep appreciation to all of you who have been sending me really warm messages during this time. The more feedback you send, the better insight I get, and this will help me organize the theme of the lessons better. Please keep on writing to me. I deeply hope this site is supportive. As I have told you before, I would be really happy just when I saw your progress. Please be kind enough to forgive me if I am not really able to respond to all of your messages.

Has everything been quite clear so far? If not, please let me know. Hopefully, we will complete part one next week. Then, we will take a very short review of what we have already learned before we start part two which will bring us the real work.

So far, we have learned 26 letters. As always, let’s see what we learned last week. Last week we learned these four letters: , , , . Click here if you need to listen to them once more.

Fa to Gaf

Today, we are going to learn four more letters.

27. This is the big letter ‘L’ in Persian. It is called /la:m/.


Like other big letters, it comes at the end of the words and stands either attached or separated from other letters.

This one is the small letter /la:m/.

Note: this small letter can be written in two ways only when it is attached to /alef/. You may find it either as in , or as in . Both of them are the same.

When combined with the vowels, it may be pronounced as .

All Lam

28. This is the big letter ‘M’ in Persian. It is called /mim/.


This one is the small letter /mim/.

When combined, it may be pronounced as . Here!

All Mim

29. This is the big letter ‘N’ in Persian. It is called /nu:n/, like ‘noon’ in English.


This is the small letter /nu:n/.

When combined, it maybe pronounced as .

All Noon

30. This one can be a good equivalent for English ‘V’, but sometimes it has a different function. For example, sometimes it is pronounced as /u:/ in ‘tool’. In this case, it works other than English ‘V’. We will learn more about it later in more appropriate sections. This letter is called /va:v/.


This letter has only one form.

When combined, it may be pronounced as .

All Vav

Note: as you noticed, this letter when combined with long vowel /u:/ is pronounced as both /vu:/ and /u:/. It depends on different words. As far as I remember now, this letter is pronounced /vu:/ in just a few words, and in most cases it is pronounced as /u:/. You will become more familiar with it later.

Ok. Click here if you want to listen to these four letters once more.

Lam to Vav

All right. With this, we come to the end of lesson 8. I hope you enjoyed it.

Don’t forget to check the Let’s write and Useful drills pages now.

Feel tired? Hit me!

Lesson 8


  1. i loved to learn persian and rightnow i can understand some words but still learning thanks to you :D

  2. Thank you so much for this website! I am trying to learn Persian so I can speak to my husband’s family and our baby daughter can grow up bilingually. I have already learned the alphabet and a few fixed phrases so I’m zipping through these first lessons and I’m looking forward to learning some grammar so I can use the words I know :-) Please don’t ever take this offline!

    • Hey Kath,

      Sounds like your really motivated! I grew up in a bilingual family speaking farsi(persian). I spoke farsi primarily with my mother, and english primarily with my father. It’s so nice being able to speak both languages. Anywho, I’m fluent in Farsi conversationally, but looking at learning how to read/write again. I’m looking to study with motivated people, so if your up for it, maybe we can work together! My email is Good luck!

      • Thanks, but I’m a long way off that at the moment! I’m sure there are loads of others in your situation though who can speak but not read/write yet.

  3. i realy appreciate this website n i m happy that i can learn persian. thanx for this site

  4. Adam Mueller says:

    Thank you so very much for this website. I’m learning persian due to personal reasons and after only two days, I can use nearly the whole alphabet. This is manly your achievement!!!

  5. Thank you, this site is helping me so much to learn Farsi!

  6. Margaret Zambrano says:

    Thank you very much Hassan…. You are doing such a great job!!!

  7. Hello friends I’m starting a study group via skype. All levels welcome! I’m currently an Iranian American student who can fluently speak english as well as farsi, and used to be able to read/write in farsi as I went to kindergarten through second grade in Tehran. I’m working on learning how to read and write again, and mastering my farsi. If anyone would like to join my study group and work together to learn Farsi faster, please shoot me an email. Together we can learn faster than by ourselves. Good luck!

  8. stefano buozzi says:

    These lessons are extremely interssing and made easy; You are a great teacher; compliments

  9. This is awesome! I am so glad I found it. I have been learning random words and phrases from some of my Iranian friends and can write and read a little, but conversationally i would be lost. Hopefully this will be what I need! If there are any fluent Persians out there who would like to help me study my email is I will take all the help I can get!

    Merci Hassan!

  10. Salam!

    I assume most of you are trying to learn enough farsi to speak with friends or family that you’ve been trying to communicate with for a long time but the ‘language barrier’ (the dreaded barrier) gets in the way. I understand how that feels. I used to feel like that with farsi when I was younger. However, after having lived in Iran for a couple years and visiting it on several occasions(In fact I just got back a week ago from a one month visit), as well as growing up speaking it with my family, I can now communicate with friends and family in Farsi fluently. If anyone wants to speak the language, and understand the Iranian culture so you can talk and connect with those you care about, it’s a lot easier then you think. Fortunately farsi is one of those languages where most of the meaning is expressed directly rather then subtly, such as English.I also believe it’s much easier to learn then English. Therefore it’s very simple picking up the language. And there’s not an endless amount of words to learn. One must understand that 80% of conversations use only 20% of the vocabulary. Therefore, you only need to learn 20% of the words to speak and understand 80% of conversation! The ’80/20′ rule holds true in almost every language. In fact, I don’t even know how to read and write in Farsi anymore, yet I can still speak it fluently and communicate with those I care about. So if your interested in learning how to connect with us Iranians, whether it’s friends, family, coworkers or because you want to visit Iran one day and see it’s breathtaking scenery, amazing culture and extremely hospitable people, then I can help you learn farsi! Contact me at Best of luck!

  11. This is a very good and thorough course, taking you through each step with good explanation.

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