Persian Lesson 42 – Interrogative in Simple Future Tense

Share:

Salam! Khosh amadid!

Hello everyone, how are you?

Before we start today, let me answer to one of your questions first.

Question:

In drills for week 15 under section A: my brother sold

How do I translate this?

I’m asking because if I translate this to ‘bara:daram foru:khtan’ and translate it back I get ‘My brother to sell’. On the other hand if I translate this to ‘bara:daram foru:khtam’ I will get ‘My brother I sold’.

Answer:

I am sure most of you know the answer. So, let’s answer to his question together before he sells his poor brother!

Delete /nu:n/ from the end of infinitives to make a verb in simple past tense.

Here, delete /nu:n/ from the end of /foru:khtæn/ to have /foru:kht/, which is a verb in simple past tense.

As you know, each verb has a suffix that represents our subjects. For example, if we put /mæ/ at the end of /foru:kht/ we will get /foru:khtæm/, which means /mæn foru:khtæm/ = I sold.

If we put /ænd/ at the end of /foru:kht/ we will have /foru:khtænd/, which means /a:nha: foru:khtænd/ = they sold.

And so on.

Now, suppose we want to say ‘he sold’.

In Persian, verbs that come with third person singular subjects (he – she – it) do not accept any suffixes. That is to say, by deleting /nu:n/ from the end of infinitives, we have automatically got a verb in simple past tense whose subject is either he or she and, sometimes, it.

As a result, /foru:kht/ means he or she sold.

/nevesht/ means he or she wrote.

/khord/ means he or she ate.

/ræft/ means he or she went.

Surely, we know that

My brother = he
My sister = she
Paul = he
Helen = she

So,

My brother sold = he sold
My sister sold = she sold

In short, my brother sold = /bæra:dæræm (u:) foru:kht/. Not my brother I sold!!

I hope the explanation is clear.

Quiz:

1- Listen to the audio files first (preferably once). Repeat it for a couple of times. Write it down on a paper. Find their English equivalents. (Seen)

One

One

Two

Two

Three

Three

2- Find the Persian equivalent for the following words and make nine sentences with each of them (one in simple past tense, negative in simple past, interrogative in simple past, one in present perfect tense, negative in present perfect tense, one using ‘for’, and one with ‘since’, one in simple future tense, and negative in simple future tense).

To receive
Award
Driver
To break
To say
To leave

3- Say these numbers in Persian:

12000 – 3123 – 701 – 351 – 6013 – 900

All right,

Today, we are going to learn the question form of sentences in simple future tense. Here’s how:

As we did with two other tenses (simple past and present perfect tense), we need to put the word /a:ya:/ at the beginning of our sentences. That’s it!

Let’s see some examples and then go to useful drills page.

Will he come? /a:ya: (u:) kha:hæd a:mæd/?

Will they write? /a:ya: (a:nha:) kha:hænd nevesht/?

Will my brother sell? /a:ya: bæra:dæræm (u:) kha:hæd foru:kht/?

Will your father make? /a:ya: pedæræt (u:) kha:hæd sa:kht/?

And so on. Hope it is not difficult.

Please go to Useful drills page to practice more.

Let’s write page is waiting for you if you want to learn and practice Persian writings.

See you next week!

Khoda Hafez!

Lesson 42

Comments

  1. Dear mr Hassan what is the formula of furure tense.I have noticed that Time comes before the object

    Allah bless you

    egards

  2. thank you so much

  3. A. Nick says:

    It would be nice if there was an answer for pervez’s question.
    I have the same doubts.

    It seems that the structure mentioned before is only for the simple past? other tenses seem to use subject + *time* + object + place + verb?

    Can anyone help with this one?

Leave a Reply