Persian Lesson 38 – Compound Verbs in Simple Future Tense

Salam! Khosh amadid!

Hello everyone, how are you?

Quiz:

1- Listen to the audio files first (preferably once). Repeat it for a couple of times. Write it down on a paper. Find their English equivalents. (Seen)

One

One

Two

Two

Three

Three

2- Find the Persian equivalent for the following words and make eight sentences with each of them (one in simple past tense, negative in simple past, interrogative in simple past, one in present perfect tense, negative in present perfect tense, one using ‘for’, and one with ‘since’, and one in simple future tense).

To change
Medicine
Watch
Wallet
Parents

3- Say these numbers in Persian:

9 – 0 – 66 – 390 – 4986 – 99887 – 555631 – 5746152

All right,

Last week, we learned how to make sentences in simple future tense. I hope all of you could do that without difficulties. Today, we will try it a bit more to know this tense better.

We already know how to say this sentence in Persian: I will close.

It shouldn’t be difficult for you if you have studied the previous lesson carefully. Anyway, we would put the auxiliary verb /kha:hæm/ before the main verb /bæst/. Here’s how:

/kha:hæm bæst/. Is that correct? Great!

Today, we are going to say this sentence in Persian:

I will open.

As you remember, we should put the auxiliary verb /kha:hæm/ before the main verb /ba:z kærd/. So, according to the rule, this should be our Persian sentence:

/mæn kha:hæm ba:z kærd/. Right?

Well, it’s wrong! This sentence seems strange in Persian! Let me explain it:

As you see, the verb /ba:z kærdæn/ is a compound verb, which is different from the single verbs such as /bæstæn/.

Here, our verb /ba:z kærdæn/ has two components: /ba:z/ + /kærdæn/.

In this case, we should put the auxiliary verb (here, kha:hæm) between these two components.

Therefore:

I will open = /ba:z kha:hæm kærd/. As you see, /kha:hæm/ is sitting between /ba:z/ and /kærdæn/.

Result:

In simple future tense, whenever our verb has two parts (like, ba:z kærdæn) we should put the auxiliary verb between them.

Let’s see some examples:

They will clean. /a:nha: tæmi:z kha:hænd kærd/.

We will turn off. /ma: kha:mu:sh kha:him kærd/.

My friend will repair/fix. /du:stæm tæmi:r kha:hæd kærd/.

And so on.

All right,

Please go to Useful drills page to keep on working!

Let’s write page is waiting for you if you want to learn and practice Persian writings.

See you next week!

Khoda Hafez!

Lesson 38